Tuscany has a characteristic landscape with rolling hills cypress trees, pines, olives and vines.
The climate is warmer in summer and colder during winter, is influenced from the sea breeze and the coolness of the hills, which combine a host of micro climates perfect for the good maturation of the grapes and for the formation of typical aromas and bouquets.
It is not so dry as one would imagine, there is a fair amount of rain in winter and sometime in spring and summer too. In late summer, could be rainstorms, and in the autumn is misty in the early morning and tempered during the day.
There are different kind of soils well drained. The Chianti area has mainly dry and stony soil. There are also sandy and clay soils, and limestone hills too, especially along the coast such as in Maremma.
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The region has been wealthy, with important cities such as Florence, Lucca and Siena that have provided a good 'domestic' market. Also wine exports have always been important, since the time of Etruscans they had started to export their wines to Gaul in very large quantities. More recently Chianti, in its typical flask covered with straw 'fiasco', one of the oldest italian wines, is become the archetypical Italian wine.